A discussion on classical conditioning as an explanation of learning

Northwestern University This paper explores the theory of behaviorism and evaluates its effectiveness as a theory of personality. Additional research in this field by scientists such as Thorndike is also included.

A discussion on classical conditioning as an explanation of learning

Glossary of Instructional Strategies

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy There are actually several kinds of Cognitive-Behavioral therapies spelled behavioural in British Englishand they all employ the same general premise: As such, these therapeutic techniques usually take much less time and are therefore less costly than psychodynamic psychotherapy.

As a trade-off to the cost, though, the client usually must do considerable work, such as homework writing assignments and practice of techniques learned in the office.

Failure to complete tasks as assigned is taken as a lack of motivation and an unwillingness to change behaviors. The pure behavioral therapies, such as classical conditioning or operant conditioning, focus on changing behaviors.

A discussion on classical conditioning as an explanation of learning

REBT used to be called Rational Emotive Therapy RET ; the name change reflects the understanding that rational beliefs, emotions, and behaviors are all interdependent and that psychotherapy should work on all these levels.

This leads to a simple moral: Which form of psychotherapy you choose depends only on personal preference, time, and money. Some therapies that work wonders with one person are a complete flop with another person. You should pay attention to this fact, especially if you are using Managed Care to provide your treatment.

What is the difference between Cognitive-Behavioral therapy and Psychodynamic psychotherapy? Still, this sort of awareness does not need to be extensive. And so you learn, when feeling upset and starting to get angryfor example, to track the emotional hurt back into similar earlier experiences and feelings, many of them previously unconscious ; thus you come to understand the components of your current feelings, and you are enabled to take actions with full awareness of the origins and consequences of your motives.

Reality Club Discussion

There is no magic here; simply by practice a client can learn to alter these various physiological processes. The goal usually is to change them from a state of nervous arousal to a state of deep relaxation.

Biofeedback equipment is usually quite expensive, and any professional who uses it clinically must receive considerable technical training, usually from biofeedback training organizations see Additional Resourcesbelow.

Some companies, however, make simple biofeedback devices for self-treatment at home. These devices can be helpful for those persons who have difficulty with the more imaginative relaxation techniques.

A discussion on classical conditioning as an explanation of learning

You just learn to recognize the feeling of tension in your body and then you learn to release the tension. I teach three kinds of relaxation: Progressive Muscle Relaxation in which you tense and relax various muscles, progressively, throughout your bodyGuided Imagery in which you visualize relaxing images and situationsand Autogenics in which you learn to create a feeling of warmth and heaviness throughout your body.

Click on these links for short courses in self-administered progressive muscle relaxation and autogenics training. Essentially you create an anxiety hierarchy a graded list of anxiety-provoking items and then proceed to pair each item with the feeling of being deeply relaxed.

Eventually this training process allows you to remain relaxed even when thinking about the anxiety-provoking situation. Finally, you learn to confront the real situation while remaining calm and relaxed.

Click on the link for a short course in self-administered systematic desensitization. The facts are much less dramatic, though the therapeutic results of hypnosis can be spectacular. Hypnosis is primarily a state of deep relaxation, the same as can be achieved by any other relaxation technique.

The ability to understand your needs properly is what separates outstanding practitioners from the rest, and this is why the best hypnotists are experienced, licensed clinicians with diverse training. You should find a hypnotist who is licensed by your state, and it would be preferable that the hypnotist also be a psychologist with clinical training.

Nevertheless, research has shown that people are remarkably resistant to following hypnotic suggestions that are against their sense of morality.

Persons who act like chickens for a stage hypnotist are likely the same sort of persons who wear lamp shades when they get drunk. Truly therapeutic hypnosis employs suggestions for newer, healthier ways to get on in the world and utilizes the fact that most people really want to get better.

Erickson was an absolute master of treatment with hypnosis. It can free you from all neurotic anxiety if you pray out of pure lovewith all your mind and all your heart and all your strength as a renunciation of your social-psychological identity and pride.

In short, mastery of any of these techniques allows you to stay calm and relaxed in any situation, and that is a crucial element in making your life satisfying and healthy.This page describes Seligman's learned helplessness theory of depression.

Dog training is the application of behavior analysis which uses the environmental events of antecedents and consequences to modify the behavior of a dog, either for it to assist in specific activities or undertake particular tasks, or for it to participate effectively in contemporary domestic pfmlures.com training dogs for specific roles dates back to Roman times at least, the training of dogs. Musicians and Injuries [][] [Links & On-Line ArticlesMaybe it's a nagging ache in your thumbs, every time you practice at the piano. Perhaps there have been long rehearsals for that crucial recital, and now you notice stabbing pains in your forearms. A retired chemistry prof's view of magnetic water treatment and pseudoscience.

Weiss' alternative explanation of helplessness - the motor activation deficit hypothesis is presented. An experimental test of both theories is described. To arrive at the edge of the world's knowledge, seek out the most complex and sophisticated minds, put them in a room together, and have them ask each other the questions they are asking themselves.

[Content warning: Discussion of social justice, discussion of violence, spoilers for Jacqueline Carey books.] [Edit 10/ This post was inspired by a debate with a friend of a friend on Facebook who has since become somewhat famous.

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What is the role of dopamine in reward: hedonic impact, reward learning, or incentive salience? Classical Conditioning And Operant Conditioning - In psychology, there are countless approaches to how a subject could learn something; in this paper, however, we are going to talk about the classical conditioning, operant condition and also the application of it in the reality.

Design and planning resource for classroom teachers, instructional designers, and professors of education. The glossary lists, describes, and provides links for over educational strategies, theories, and activities.

Magnetic water treatment pseudoscience